Nepal(नेपाल)officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located
in South Asia.It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of
China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India.With an area of 147,181 square
kilometers (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world's 93rd
largest country by land mass.Kathmandu is the nation's capital and the country's largest metropolis.
Nepal has a rich geography. The mountainous north has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains,
including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than
|Topographic map of Nepal|
240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal
was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small
kingdoms.A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings
from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms.